Rice University Invents “Artificial Leaf’ To Harvest Hydrogen for Fuel Tech

The invention is still in the experimental stage, and it will be some time before it will be used for commercial purposes.



Artificial-Leaf-Rice-University-1

Green and sustainable alternatives to oil and gas fuels have been keeping researchers and scientists busy this century with climate change and environmental harm, pushing the need for alternatives sources of fuel. In recent years, hydrogen fuel cells have gained a lot of traction. Hydrogen fuel is created by using battery-like cells to create electricity from the chemical reaction of hydrogen and oxygen, and the residue is heat and water.

Joining the effort to improve the technology, Rice University in Texas recently unveiled “artificial leaf,” which will help in harvesting hydrogen to be used in the fuel technology. Hydrogen fuel cells use pressurized hydrogen, which chemically interacts with oxygen in the air to create electricity. This form of energy is more viable and sustainable than Internal Combustion Engines as it produces no waste emissions except water. The only hitch here is how to get the required hydrogen. It is harvested through steam reforming of natural gas and coal gasification, which is not a very green way of gaining it.

Another way is through biofuels and electrolysis, where electricity breaks the water molecule into H2 and O. Through the artificial leaf, H2 can be harvested from sunlight and water.

Jun Lou, the lead author of the Rice University study, says that it can be more efficient than the print method used in hydrogen fuel cell technology.
“[the design] integrates catalytic electrodes and perovskite solar cells that, when triggered by sunlight, produce electricity. The current flows to the catalysts that turn water into hydrogen and oxygen, with a sunlight-to-hydrogen efficiency as high as 6.7%.”

This new design by Rice University overcomes the previous hurdles faced by researchers in extracting hydrogen through solar power. Earlier, the amount extracted was too little, and the cost of equipment and use of rare earth elements like platinum made the process too prohibitive.

The Rice design has incorporated cheaper substitutes and replaced platinum with carbon and needs only sunlight and water to function. “We have replaced the more expensive components, like platinum, in perovskite solar cells with alternatives like carbon,” Lou said. “That lowers the entry barrier for commercial adoption. Integrated devices like this are promising because they create a system that is sustainable. This does not require any external power to keep the module running.”

“With a clever system design, you can potentially make a self-sustaining loop. Even when there’s no sunlight, you can use stored energy in the form of chemical fuel. You can put the hydrogen and oxygen products in separate tanks and incorporate another module like a fuel cell to turn those fuels back into electricity,” elaborates Jun Lou.

The invention is still in the experimental stage, and it will be some time before it will be used for commercial purposes. Widespread adoption of this technology will require easier access to hydrogen through pipelines and massive adoption of the fuel cell technology in vehicles and more. A whole new infrastructure of fuelling stations, downstream products, and adoption is needed before it becomes a viable option.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles or (HFCV) are becoming popular in Europe and China. At the moment, the technology is used in bigger vehicles like buses and trucks. In Germany, there are over 60,000 hydrogen-fueled vehicles on the road. China is aiming for more than 1 million HFCVs in service by 2030. Though it has less than 1,500 at the moment, Japan also wants to increase the number from 3,400 to 800,000 by 2030. Considering the upsets in the oil industry and the way it affects the geopolitics of nations, concentrating on an alternative fuel source is the need of the hour. Hydrogen fuel tech’s most significant advantage is its zero harmful emissions.

 

 

Whether you want to stay up-to-date on the latest business news, read in-depth CEO interviews, or find new ideas on leadership, management and innovation, Industry Leaders Magazine is here to suit your needs and help you stay more informed.

Avatar
Anna Domanska
Anna Domanska is an Industry Leaders Magazine author possessing wide-range of knowledge for Business News. She is an avid reader and writer of Business and CEO Magazines and a rigorous follower of Business Leaders.

Recent Posts

Panasonic enters a $22 billion vaccine storage race with ultracold carrier

Panasonic enters a $22 billion vaccine storage race with ultracold carrier

Panasonic received several requests from European and American logistics companies to cure test ultra-cold freezer box. This freezer contain...
14 hours ago
Orange Telecom to sell 50 % fiber assets for $1.58 million

Orange Telecom to sell 50 % fiber assets for $1.58 million

Orange, the French multinational telecommunications corporation, has agreed to sell part of its fixed fiber assets to a consortium of three ...
14 hours ago
Books Bill Gates Wants You to Read This Year

Books Bill Gates Wants You to Read This Year

Have you been waiting for the most-anticipated roundups of the year – books Bill Gates recommends? Well, here it is. ...
15 hours ago
Amazon to host pop-up vaccination clinic in Seattle HQ

Amazon to host pop-up vaccination clinic in Seattle HQ

Amazon Inc. plans to set up a pop-up clinic at its Seattle headquarters on January 24 to help vaccinate 2,000 eligible members of the publi...
2 days ago
Morgan Stanley raises CEO James Gorman’s pay to $33 million

Morgan Stanley raises CEO James Gorman’s pay to $33 million

James Gorman’s salary ($33 million) is comprised of four parts: a base salary of $1.5 million; a deferred equity award of $7.875 million; ...
3 days ago
IBM Q4 Profit Up, Banks on Cloud and AI For 2021

IBM Q4 Profit Up, Banks on Cloud and AI For 2021

IBM’s revenue is expected to rise in 2021 and generate adjusted free cash flow of $11 billion to $12 billion for the year. ...
3 days ago